Kreuterbuch - Hieronymus Bock (1539)

Publication Year: 

Photo: (1565) Kruterbuch - Hieronymus Bock (Hard Copy at Herb Museum) Artist: David Kandel

(1560) Kreuterbuch - Hieronymus Bock (HQ pdf available) Artist: Josias Rihel

(?) Kreuterbuch - Hieronymus Bock (HQ pdf available) Artist: Wendel Rihel

Hieronymus Bock

The first edition of his Kreutterbuch (literally "plant book") appeared in 1539 unillustrated; his stated objectives were to describe German plants, including their names, characteristics, and medical uses. Instead of following Dioscorides as was traditional, he developed his own system to classify 700 plants. Bock apparently traveled widely through the German region observing the plants for himself, since he includes ecological and distributional observations.
His 1546 Kreutterbuch or "herbal" was illustrated by the artist David Kandel.
Text retrieved from on July 1st, 2012.

David Kandel

David Kandel (1520–1592) was a Renaissance artist. One of the best qualities of the Renaissance Period was its everlasting concern with the elements of the natural world. David Kandel was one of the best known pioneers of botanical art and science. However, very few facts are verifiable regarding his personal life, because very few events in his life are identifiable from surviving records. David Kandel was probably born in Strasbourg, in 1520. He married in 1554 and 33 years later, in 1587, he was named "owner of a house". David Kandel died in 1592. His works and woodcuts are varied, from scientific botanical illustrations to illustrations from chapters or scenes from the Holy Bible. The Kreuterbuch (or “The Book of the Herbs”), by Hieronymus Bock, is a superb achievement full of beautiful woodcuts that were seen as the best of botanical art for the next two centuries. David Kandel contributed with 550 woodcuts to this masterpiece. These original woodcuts examined in great detail an enormous number of plants, herbs and trees by combining drawing, contemporary researches and medieval and ancient theories.
Text retrieved from on July 1st,2012.