Quercus robur L Fagaceae
English Oak/Pedunculate Oak

No plant has been of greater symbolic, religious and magical importance in Europe than the Oak tree, and its esteem has been traced back to the earliest Indo-Germanic religions. No other plant has provided more in the construction of buildings, ships, weapons and fine furniture. Oak's strength and durability were unequaled and as a result the vast Oak forests of Europe have been virtually destroyed. Although its bark provides and excellent astringent medicinal remedy, only herbalists used it to much extent, the apothecaries and others preferring more exotic and costly drugs.

  • Used internally for haemorrhoids, diarrhoea and enteritis. Once used as a tonic tea.
  • Roasted acorns have been used as a coffee subsitute.
  • Valuable timber.
  • Bark was once the important agent for tanning leather; and also provided a variety of dyes, the colour depending upon the mordant used.

- p. 250, The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism edited by Malcom Stuart (1979)

Oak Acorns