Thalidomide, Grünenthal and the Nazi Connection

Photo from p. 8, Four Fingers and Thirteen Toes by Rosaleen Moriarty-Simmonds (2010)

"Dr. Henrich Mückter, the chemist in charge of research at Chemie Grünenthal, had been a medical officer during the Nazi occupation of Poland. He had been a member of the Wehrmachtsbetreuungskompanie 14 in Grodno from spring 1942 to December 1942. Although there is no direct evidence that he was a party to any of the medical experiments conducted frequently under the regime, questioned later in 1968, he confirmed the Jewish workforce had been used in the facilities to fight lice, but he could not give any information about their subsequent fate or whereabouts. He did not know of any transports out of the ghettos in Grodno or even of any killing activities against the Jewish population. Under no circumstances was he eyewitness to any such activities, he claimed.

The good doctor appears to have had a selective or faulty memory, for he failed to recall the names of any of the Gestapo officers under whom he would have been working. The names Wiese, Errellis, Streblow and Schott he could not remember, and they did not ring a bell in connection with the Jews of Grodno. Yet these were the men in charge during that period when the first executions were taking place...

A similar forgetfulness seemed to occur when he became in charge of the research laboratory at Grünenthal.

Crucially, they had failed to test the drug [thalidomide] on pregnant females during their testing of animals, and it never seems to have occurred to anyone to do so later, when it was being promoted as being safe for expectant mothers. Even though German regulations concerning new drugs were in place to ensure that unapproved medication would not be available, the company cheerfully ignored these. No clinical trials have been completed, and no application had been made for approval of the drug other than to have it classified as a sedative...

Ex-Nazi officer Dr. Heinrich Mückter, formally in charge of virus research in wartime Krakow, Poland, became responsible for Chemie Grünenthal's research program. Otto Ambros, one of Grünenthal's Research Directors in the early 1950s, was a chemist and a Director of IG Farben, a company which supplied gasoline and rubber for Hitler's war effort. The pharmaceutical departments of the IG Farben cartel used the victims of the concentration camps during human experiments, such as the testing of new and unknown vaccines and drugs. In the Auschwitz files, correspondence was discovered between the camp Commander and Bayer Leverkusen. Bayer was part of IG Farben, a conglomerate of German chemical and pharmaceutical industries which formed the financial core of the Nazi regime. The correspondence dealt with the sale of one hundred and fifty female prisoners for experimental purposes, "... With a view to the planned experiments with a new sleep-inducing drug we would appreciate it if you could place a number of prisoners at our disposal...".

...Now simply named Grünenthal, Grünenthal GmbH describes itself as an independent research-based global pharmaceutical company, specialising in pain therapy, contraception and innovative formulations for established active substance."

- pp. 12-13, 189, 205, Four Fingers and Thirteen Toes by Rosaleen Moriarty-Simmonds (2010)

"Johnson is an internal document proving that Grünenthal purchased the trade name for thalidomide (Contergan) from Rhône-Poulenc, a French company controlled by the Nazis during World War II. Johnson notes that Rhône-Poulenc registered 14 chemically similar drugs after 1942 ending in the unique suffix "-ergan," and that thalidomide falls easily into that category.

"Not only is the name typical of the Rhône-Poulenc brand names of the 1940s; the action of thalidomide also belongs among this range of products," the report reads.

Johnson further notes that Grünenthal's 1954 patent on the drug implied that human trials had already been carried out, but no documentation was provided of those trials.

"The patents suggest that thalidomide was probably one of a number of products developed at [the chemical laboratory] Dyhernfurth or Auschwitz-Monowitz under the leadership of Otto Ambros in the course of nerve gas research."

This claim is supported by evidence unearthed by Carlos De Napoli for his forthcoming book on the Nazi scientists. De Napoli has uncovered a 1944 memo from an IG Farben executive to Hitler's personal doctor, referencing the development of a chemical with the exact same formula as thalidomide.

"There is absolutely no doubt of the Nazi development of and experimentation with thalidomide in the World War Two camps," De Napoli said."

- Big Pharma's Thalidomide Drug was Actually Developed as Nazi Chemical Weapon on Natural News, retrieved September 5th, 2012.

Otto Ambrose, Dr. Heinrich Muckter, Thalidomide, Grunenthal, Nazi