AM Bickford & Sons Ltd. Tincture of Cannabis

Back in the Americas, the Ohio State Medical Society met in 1860 to summarize the medical uses of marijuana. The conference reported favorable outcomes for treating pain, inflammation, and cough. The 1868 U.S. Dispensatory listed pages of uses for tincture of cannabis, an extract often formed by soaking marijuana in alcohol. The extract purportedly improved appetite, sexual interest, mental disorders, gout, cholera, hydrophobia, and insomnia. The drug's medical reputation had also continued in England. In 1890 Sir J. Russell Reynolds, chief physician to Queen Victoria, praised the drug in the prestigious medical journal Lancet. He claimed cannabis successfully treated insomnia, facial tics, asthma, and menstrual problems....

By the turn of the twentieth century,marijuana tinctures and extracts became more widely available. In the early 1900s, the Squibb Company offered a cannabis and morphine combination called Chlorodyne for stomach problems. Labels from medical marijuana products from the beginning of the century claimed antispasmodic, sedating, analgesic, and hypnotic effects. By the 1930s both Eli Lilly and Parke-Davis marketed such products.

Excerpt from Earleywine's Understanding Marijuana: A new look at the scientific evidence, (2002, pp. 14-15).

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