Doctor's Injection Kit


  • Syringes: "Long before today's disposable plastics, hypodermic syringes were made of metal and later glass. The whole process of administering medication by hypodermic was not sterile, the separate components of the syringe were cleaned by several techniques including passing the needle through a flame, soaking or drawing through with alcohol or a carbolic acid solution or boiling in a spoon of water over the alcohol lamp. A wire was used to clean the inside of the needle, as was alcohol. Before stainless steel was used, the wire was left in the needle. The needles were sharpened by the user on a whetstone and the point was tested for burrs using gauze. These were not fine or sharp needles and it took a skillful nurse to administer an injection with minimal pain" - from The American Association for the History of Nursing, Inc.
  • Hyoscine: (also called Scopolamine) "Substance type: tropane alkaloid. Scopolamine is a very potent hallucinogen that Leuner (1981) classified as a 'Class II' hallucinogen because of its simultaneously hallucinogenic and narcotic/consciousness-clouding effects.
    According to Hunnius, scopolamine is utilized in medicine as a hypnotic agent, especially for cases of 'agitated states in the mentally ill, for Parkinson's and paralysis agitans, and for treating withdrawal of morphine users'...
    In the former East Germany, scopolamine was still being used as a "chemical straightjacket"in the 1980s. Scopolamine may combined with morphine for the same purpose. A combination of scopolamine ... and morphine... is usd as a preoperative anesthesia." - p. 860, The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants: Enthnopharmacology and Its Applications by Christian Ratsch (1998)
  • Morphine: "Morphine is the best and strongest natural painkiller known. Its efficaciousness is surpassed only by that of the synthetic morphine analogs (heroin, fentanyl). Morphine is particularly well suited for treating chronic pain, such as in cancer therapy...
    When used for sedation, in a anesthesia, and for calming and antispasmodic purposes, pharmaceutical preparations of morphine hydrochloride and atropine sulfate or morphine hydrochloride and scopolamine hydrobromide are used- the final reminds of the recipes for the former soporific sponges." - p. 849, The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants: Enthnopharmacology and Its Applications by Christian Ratsch (1998)
  • Strychnine: "In ordinary therapeutic doses strychnine, like other bitter substances, improves the appetite and often leads to a distinct amelioration of the subjective symptoms, the patient feeling stronger and more hopeful. The pulse is generally slower and in the artery feels less compressible. The special senses are rendered more acute by small quantities of strychnine, for differences can be recognized between shades of color which seem identical to the normal vision; the filed of vision is widened, and in certain conditions of amblyopia light is rendered much more distinct. In the same way the hearing seems to be more acute, and the sense of touch is much more delicate. Some cashes have been noted in which disagreeable odors were rendered pleasant by strychnine, but this would seem a rare idiosynerasy.
    - pp. 195 - 196, A Textbook of Pharmacology and Therapeutics on the Action of Drugs in Health and Disease by Dr. Arthur R. Cushny (1906)

    Circa 1880s

    Related Reading:

  • The History of Plant Alkaloid Isolation
  • R.H. Macy & Co. Quinine Sulphate
  • Strychnine in Merck's Index: Fourth Edition (1930)
  • Morphine Sulfate

    Picture from:

  • Injection